Smarendu Mohanty, Sampriti Baruah and Ravinder Reddy of Worldwide Potato Centre, who’ve developed the seed mentioned that the ARC is a boon for the small farmers.
“Many states in India have been going through the potato seed downside. Since seed accounts for 40-50 % of the entire price of manufacturing (Rs 60,000-75,000 per hectare), it’s a large burden for small farmers. The excessive price of seed has led to using discarded small-sized desk potatoes for use as seed for almost all of small and marginal farmers within the potato- rising belts. Within the coming season, it is going to be much more troublesome for farmers due to rising seed costs, with seed price per hectare anticipated to exceed one lakh rupees,” Asia Regional Director of IPC Samarendu Mohanty mentioned in an interview with TOI.
He mentioned even when farmers need to buy good-quality seed at such a excessive value, there’s nonetheless no assure that they might be capable of receive the specified high quality of seed in a well timed method due to lengthy distance transportation. Potato seeds are transported as a lot as 2,000 kms, affecting each their high quality and well timed supply. Throughout this lengthy arduous transportation, 5?10 % rotting of seed tubers is frequent, affecting each seed price and finally yield, the regional director mentioned.
“Final season, the Centre (in partnership with the College of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot) produced apical rooted cuttings in our Bangaluru/Hassan facility consisting of a tissue tradition laboratory to supply tissue tradition plantlets of common varieties, a screenhouse to supply rooted cuttings from mom vegetation, and a short lived web home/open subject to supply seed tubers from cuttings for additional multiplication,” he mentioned.
Mohaty mentioned to date, seven nurseries in Hassan and some massive potato farmers in Haryana have taken up producing ARCs from tissue tradition plantlets. “The numbers in Karnataka and Haryana are anticipated to rise considerably within the coming season. Not too long ago, we supplied coaching to 2 nurseries with tissue tradition services in Odisha to start out producing ARCs within the coming season. They’re anticipated to supply 5?10 lakhs cuttings subsequent season for additional multiplication on their farms, with promoting to different farmers or organizations enthusiastic about producing first-and second-generation potato seeds. We’re partnering with the Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) and horticulture departments in different states equivalent to Assam, Bihar and Meghalaya to pilot and display the ARC expertise to bigger group of farmers and different organizations, enthusiastic about taking on reducing manufacturing and seed tuber multiplication,” he defined. If the federal government can present some subsidy for organising tissue tradition laboratories and poly homes to people or organizations, the manufacturing might be scaled up additional, he mentioned.
The mixture of decrease seed price and better yield will make potato cultivation extra worthwhile for small and marginal farmers within the potato rising states, Samarendu Mohanty mentioned.